Courts

History Of Court in Siwan

Dispensation of Justice during the British India can be traced back to 1875 when the Sub-divisions of Siwan and Gopalganj were created in the District of Saran at Chapra. The Court of Munsif  Ist at Siwan was established in year 1870 and the Court of Munsif 2nd was established in year 1945. The Court of Sub-Judge Ist was established in year 1971 which administered Civil Justice. The dispensation of Criminal Justice was handed over to the Sub-divisional Officer and Magistrates under old Cr.P.C. Siwan continued to be a Sub-division of Saran till 10-05-1976 when the Siwan was created as a district of Bihar with Gopalganj as sub-division of Siwan. However Gopalganj was bifurcated from Siwan and made a separate district. The district Siwan was established as new Judgeship on 10.05.1976 and Gopalganj remained under the Judgeship of Siwan till the creation of Judgeship of Gopalganj on 10-01-1984 after the creation of Gopalganj district.

Constitution and Jurisdiction

SL No. Constitution Jurisdiction
1 District & Sessions Judge
  1. Sessions Trial
  2. Criminal Appeal
  3.  Criminal revision
  4. Original jurisdiction of NDPS Act cases Including cognizance.
  5. Title Appeals of Sub-ordinate courts, Valuation upto 2 lacs.
  6. Cases under Guardianship and wards Act
  7. Motor Accident Claim Cases
  8. Probate and Successions
  9. Misc. Civil Appeals
  10. Appellate Authority of R. T. I. matters excluding the matter relating toFamily Court.
  11. Misc. Cases relating to transfer of Records etc.
  12. Regular and Anticipatory Bail Petitionsof the judgeship.
  13. Administrative Power
  14. Chairman of the District Legal Services Authority
2 Ist Addl. Distt. & Sess. Judge
  1. Sessions Trial
  2. Criminal Appeal
  3. Criminal revision
  4. Trial of NDPS Act cases
  5. Trial of SC /ST (Prevention of Atrocities Act) Cases
  6. Regular Bail matters
  7. Title Appeals of Sub-ordinate courts, Valuation upto 2 lacs.
  8. Motor Accident Claim Cases
  9. Probate and Succession
  10. Misc. Civil Appeals

Notes:-Present ADJ Ist., Siwan is also notified as Presiding Officer of Special Court of District Jail, Siwan for trial of cases relating to Md. Shahabuddin.

3 IInd. Addl. Distt. & Sess. Judge
  1. Sessions Trial
  2. Criminal Appeal
  3. Criminal revision
  4. Regular Bail matters
  5. Title Appeals of Sub-ordinate courts, valuation upto 2 lacs.
  6. Motor Accident Claim Cases
  7. Probate and Successions
  8. Misc. Civil Appeals
  9. Special Power to try the cases under Drugs and Cosmetic Act.
4 Other Adhoc A. D. Js
  1. Sessions Trial
  2. Criminal Appeal
  3. Criminal revision
  4. Regular Bail matters
  5. Title Appeals of Sub-ordinate courts, valuation upto 2 lacs
  6. Misc. Civil Appeals
5 C.J.M.-cum- Assistant Sessions Judge -cum- IInd Sub-ordinate Judge Original Jurisdiction of all Criminal Cases except Cases under N.D.P.S. Act. and Juvenile Act.
Power of Asstt. Sessions Judge to try Sessions Cases punishable upto 10 years imprisonment and also to hear Criminal Appeals arising out of the Judgment of IInd Class Judicial Magistrates.
Appellate Court of the Judgment arising out of the Judgment of Gram Kutchery. Public information officer of all Criminal. Courts.
6 A.C.J.M.-cum-Sub-Judge Ist. Cum-Asstt. Sessions Judge Original Jurisdiction of Civil cases exceeding Valuation above 30000.
Reference of Cases under land Acquisition Act.
Successions Certificate.
Execution Cases of Decrees passed by his Court.
Enquiry of Cases under Old Juvenile Act.
Appeals of Civil Matters decided by Gram Kutchery.
Election Petitions relating to election of District Board.
Trial of Sessions Cases punishable upto 10 years.
Trial of Cases triable by Magistrate.
Public Information Officers of Civil Court, Siwan excluding Criminal Courts and Family Court.
Secretary of District Legal Services Authority, Siwan.
7 Addl. Sub-Judge
  1. Trial of Civil Suits exceeding valuation Rs. 30,000/-
  2. Execution and Misc. Cases of their own Courts.
8 S.D.J.M.
  1. Trial of Criminal Cases triable by Judicial Magistrate, 1st. Class.
  2. Trial of Cases under Dowry Prohibition Act.
  3. Trial. of Cases under Essential Commodities Act.
  4. Trial. of Cases under pollution Act.
9 Ist. Munsif Original Jurisdiction of Civil Cases of Valuation upto Rs. 30,000/- with Territorial Jurisdiction of cases of Town P.S. and (P.S. wise or Block Wise) Civil Cases.
Election Tribunal of Panchayat Election of his respective Territorial Jurisdiction.
10 IInd. Munsif Original Jurisdiction of Civil Cases of Valuation upto Rs. 30,000/- with Territorial Jurisdiction of cases of Town P.S. and (P.S. wise or Block Wise) Civil Cases.
Election Tribunal of Panchayat Election of his respective Territorial Jurisdiction.
11 Other Magistrates cum- Additional Munsifs Enquiry and trial of Criminal Cases triable by Judicial Magistrates along with power of commitment.
Trial of Civil Cases of valuation upto Rs 30,000/-
Execution and Misc. Cases of their own Court.
12 Judge-in-charge cum- IIIrd. Addl. Munsif. Trial of Civil Cases of Valuation upto Rs. 30,000/-
Asstt. Public Information Officer of all Criminal Courts and Civil courts.
Public Information Officer of Family court.
13 Principal Magistrate
(Juvenile Justice Board)
Enquiry of cases under Juvenile Justice
( Care and Protection of Children ) Act. of Siwan Judgeship.
14 Principal Judge Matrimonial Cases triable by Principal Judge under the provision of Family Courts Act.
Cases under Section 125 Cr.P.C.
Appellate Court under R.T.I. Act. relating to the matter of Family Court.